the Arabs came the art of Chemistry that they perfected and in
which many discoveries were made by them. Moslem religion forbade
the dissection of Bodies so their scientific efforts concentrated
on other aspects. Unhindered by interference from the Catholic
Church as their European counterparts were, they pursued the
discovery of the “ Stone of Wisdom” and the “Alikser –
Water of Life”. They gave this particular Scientific research a
name; “ Al Kimija” the study of solids. The Greeks called this
later “Chemeia” and that’s where the name Chemistry is
derived from. People working in this scientific field were called
Alchemists. They never found it but did discover alcohol during
13th Century the basis for University education was laid and
following during the 16th and 17th century
the knowledge of Human anatomy had been drastically improved.
Towards the end of the 17th Century Harvey discovered
the blood circulation, although this discovery is now being
challenged! It appears that in the University of Cairo writing and
drawings are at hand, dating back to 900 A.C., describing in
detail what Harvey is said to have discovered.
always, after a great step forward in Medicine, things come to a
standstill until some great scientist makes another discovery. It
Hippocratis who warned his Greek colleagues not to discard old
things and only abbey by his teachings, so many old cures had
proven their effectiveness in centuries before him.
Five centuries later there was Galenus who’s teaching
together with those of Hippocratis became scientific dogmatic
right towards the end of the middle Ages.
Paracelsus (Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim 1493-1541)
appeared who caused a hurricane in scientific thinking and did
away with much of the dogmatic teachings. He attacked the theories
everyone took for granted and stimulated the practical study and
research in medical care. But did von Hohenheim show contempt for
everything applied so far? Hardly, but he incorporated previous
knowledge into his own thinking and teachings and had an open mind
for everything that had a proven medical healing record.
Swiss Physician was the first to see the benefits of Chemistry for
Medicine. But this man, the founder of
chemical medicine (Iatro chemie in German), had also a
great knowledge of medicinal herbs.
The predecessor of the present Laudanum, the pain killer
“Anodynum specificum” was his discovery which made him famous.
A theory of this famous physician was that by distillation
obtained essential oils, which his called the “Quinta essentia” , were the most active parts of a tree, shrub, plant
or flower. This theory formed the basis for further investigations
and experiments in the beneficial medical use of “Quinta
essentia” Now you also know where the name “Essential” in
essential oils comes from!